A robotic should obey the orders given it by human beings, based on one of many three legal guidelines of robotics imagined by science fiction author Isaac Asimov. On board humanity’s solely outpost in house, this obedience has become cooperation. Astronauts and robots are working collectively. The newest robotic to service the International Space Station is the European Robotic Arm (ERA). This android automaton is very like a human arm. It has an elbow, shoulders and even wrists, and it the primary robotic capable of ‘walk’ across the Russian a part of the Space Station. The arm will probably be launched into house along with the Multipurpose Laboratory Module, known as ‘Nauka’, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, in Kazakhstan, on 15 July 2021 at 19:18 CEST.ESA astronaut André Kuipers is seen on this image throughout his first house mission in 2004, with a scale mannequin of the European Robotic Arm. The actual factor has a size of over 11 m, and has the power to anchor itself to the Station in a number of places, transferring backwards and forwards with a wide range of movement.“I am happy to see the European Robotic Arm fly next month. It was a real pleasure to help prepare this fantastic piece of robotics for its duties on the International Space Station”, says André, who skilled underneath water with a real-size mannequin of the robotic at Star City, in Russia, earlier than his spaceflight.Astronauts will discover in ERA a most precious ally – it should save them treasured time to do different work in house. ERA will switch payloads from inside to exterior the International Space Station, however it should additionally assist spacewalkers by transporting them round like a cherry-picker crane. The crew can management ERA from each inside and outdoors the Space Station, a function that no different robotic arm has supplied earlier than. The robotic arm can carry out many duties robotically, and it may be managed in actual time or preprogrammed. ERA’s first duties in orbit are to arrange the airlock and set up a big radiator for ‘Nauka’. ERA is 100% made-in-Europe. A consortium of European firms led by Airbus Defence and Space Netherlands designed and assembled it for ESA. The story of the European Robotic Arm is one in every of perseverance – it has survived 4 modifications of situation, handled completely different house businesses and coped with finances shortfalls whereas retaining a global crew motivated.After two a long time of technical and programmatic challenges, the long-awaited premiere of ERA in house is lastly taking place.