Earth from Space: Maharloo Lake



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17/09/2021
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Maharloo Lake, a seasonal salt lake in Iran, is featured on this picture captured by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission.

Click on the picture under to discover it in its full 10 m decision.

Maharloo sits at an altitude of round 1400 m above sea degree and is situated round 27 km southeast of Shiraz, in southwest Iran. Yearly evaporation within the desert area is way higher than the yearly rainfall, which means the lake is commonly very dry.Owing to the excessive evaporation fee, the lake’s mattress has been lined by salt over time. This elevated salinity within the lake’s waters has allowed sure algae to thrive and canopy the floor. The water consists of quite a lot of organisms that show colors ranging from pink to orange to purple, with the power of the color differing in numerous intervals of the yr. Usually, the deeper the lake is, the darker the colors of the water.Given the lake is seasonal, water ranges will drop in the summertime and rise once more within the winter. In this picture, captured in June 2019, the lake seems darkish orange which implies that the lake may be very shallow however nonetheless incorporates some water. In comparability, Maharloo was utterly dry in June 2021.As is the case with many desert lakes, salt washed down from the encompassing mountains accumulates and will be seen within the picture as a white crust alongside the lake’s shores. In some elements of the lake, amenities have been constructed for salt extraction (seen on this picture alongside the southern shore).The lake’s extreme salinity prevents organisms, particularly fish, from dwelling within the lake. However, some birds migrate to Maharloo throughout the summer season months, together with flamingo. Shiraz, seen within the top-left of the picture, is the fourth-most-populous metropolis of Iran. Shiraz International Airport will be seen simply south of the town.With its 13 spectral channels, the Copernicus Sentinel-2’s novel imager can seize water high quality parameters such because the floor focus of chlorophyll, detect dangerous algal blooms, and measure turbidity (or water readability) – giving a transparent indication of the well being and air pollution ranges.This picture can also be featured on the Earth from Space video programme.

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